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vdiffr (development version)

vdiffr 1.0.7

CRAN release: 2023-09-22

  • Revert back to C++11 to work around a GCC issue (#137).

vdiffr 1.0.6

CRAN release: 2023-08-25

  • The SVG device in vdiffr now has a different name so it can be distinguished from the svglite device (#135).

vdiffr 1.0.5

CRAN release: 2023-01-23

  • Fix for CRAN checks.

vdiffr 1.0.4

CRAN release: 2022-03-15

  • Compatibility with UCRT build of Windows using Rtools42.

vdiffr 1.0.3

  • Compatibility with UCRT build of Windows (@jeroen).

vdiffr 1.0.2

CRAN release: 2021-06-18

  • testthat no longer auto-deletes snapshot files that were not generated because of an unexpected error or a skip() (r-lib/testthat#1393).

vdiffr 1.0.0

CRAN release: 2021-06-08

This release includes two major changes:

  1. The internal SVG engine has been updated. It is now lighter, more robust, with fewer dependencies. It also generates more correct SVG. The main user visible change is that points look smaller than with older snapshots. Because of this update you will have to regenerate all existing snapshots with the new engine.

  2. The snapshot management system now uses testthat (see Most of the R and javascript code has been removed from vdiffr as a consequence. vdiffr now serves as a reproducible SVG generation engine for testthat snapshots.

Migration of existing snapshots

There are two steps to update your snapshots to vdiffr 1.0.

  1. This step is optional. Install the github-only 0.4.0 version of vdiffr with remotes::install_github("r-lib/vdiffr@v0.4.0"). This release only contains the new SVG engine. Review the snapshot changes as usual with vdiffr::manage_cases().

  2. Install vdiffr 1.0.0 from CRAN, delete the tests/figs directory, run devtools::test(), and then testthat::snapshot_review().

Other changes

vdiffr 0.4.0

This is a github-only release that is meant to help you migrate from vdiffr 0.3.x to vdiffr 1.0.0. The 1.0 release of vdiffr includes two major changes. It switches to testthat 3e for snapshot management and it uses an updated SVG engine for the generation of snapshots. The github-only 0.4.0 release only includes the new SVG engine to make it easy to compare cases with manage_cases().

This intermediate step in the migration of snapshots is optional. You can also choose to update directly with the 1.0.0 release but you won’t be able to compare the new snapshots to your old ones.

Note that smaller points are expected in the new snapshots because of a bugfix.

  • Following an update to the graphics engine of R 4.1.0 that causes spurious failures due to subtle changes in graphics generation, vdiffr snapshots are now skipped on old versions of R. The plots are still generated on all versions so any errors during plot drawing will be detected by testthat.

  • The SVG generation engine of vdiffr has been updated (@thomasp85). Font sizes are now precomputed for the first 50000 unicode points. This allows deterministic computation of text box extents without the freetype and harfbuzz dependencies.

    Note: The main visible change of this update is that points now look smaller. Points generated with the previous SVG engine were too large.

  • vdiffr is now licensed as MIT (#95).

vdiffr 0.3.3

CRAN release: 2020-10-06

  • Compatibility with r-devel (@pmur002).
  • Compatibility with testthat 3.

vdiffr 0.3.2

CRAN release: 2020-06-06

  • Fixed CRAN checks on r-devel.

  • Keyboard short cuts for common interactions: Right/Left arrows = Next/Previous case Down/Up arrows = Next/Previous type ENTER = Validate active case shift + ENTER = Validate active group ESC = Quit app

  • Failure diffs are now logged in when the CI environment variable is set. This makes it easier to investigate remote failures on Travis etc (#79).

vdiffr 0.3.1

CRAN release: 2019-06-24

This release makes vdiffr compatible with ggplot2 3.2.0. It also features two contributions from the Tidyverse developer day in Austin:

  • You can now select the validated cases in the Shiny app (#38, @nathancday).

  • The testthat context is now shown on the Shiny app (#14, @paleolimbot).

Finally, it fixes warnings in non-UTF-8 MBCS locale (#59, @yutannihilation).

vdiffr 0.3.0

CRAN release: 2019-01-02

This release of vdiffr features a major overhaul of the internals to make the package more robust.

Cross-platform reliability

vdiffr now works reliably across platforms:

  • svglite is now embedded in vdiffr to protect against updates of the SVG generation engine.

  • It also embeds harfbuzz to compute font extents and text boxes metrics. This makes SVG generation of text boxes consisent across platforms.

While this makes vdiffr much more robust, it also means you will have to regenerate all your testcases with the new version of vdiffr. You can expect very few future releases that will require updating figures, hopefully once every few years.

Now that vdiffr has a stable engine, the next release will focus on improving the Shiny UI.

Regression testing versus Unit testing

Another important change is that figure mismatches are no longer reported as failures, except when the tests are run locally, on Travis, Appveyor, or any environment where the Sys.getenv("CI") or Sys.getenv("NOT_CRAN") variables are set. Because vdiffr is more of a monitoring than a unit testing tool, it shouldn’t cause R CMD check failures on the CRAN machines.

Despite our efforts to make vdiffr robust and reliable across platforms, checking the appearance of a figure is still inherently fragile. It is similar to testing for errors by matching exact error messages: these messages are susceptible to change at any time. Similarly, the appearance of plots depends on a lot of upstream code, such as the way margins and spacing are computed. vdiffr uses a special ggplot2 theme that should change very rarely, but there are just too many upstream factors that could cause breakages. For this reason, figure mismatches are not necessarily representative of actual failures.

Visual testing is not an alternative to writing unit tests for the internal data transformations performed during the creation of your figure. It is more of a monitoring tool that allows you to quickly check how the appearance of your figures changes over time, and to manually assess whether changes reflect actual problems in your package.

If you need to override the default vdiffr behaviour on CRAN (not recommended) or Travis (for example to run the tests in a particular builds but not others), set the VDIFFR_RUN_TESTS environment variable to “true” or “false”.


  • vdiffr now advises user to run manage_cases() when a figure was not validated yet (#25).

  • Fixed a bug in the Shiny app that prevented SVGs from being displayed in Firefox (@KZARCA, #29).

  • manage_cases() gains an options argument that is passed to shiny::shinyApp() (@KZARCA).

  • The Shiny app now has a quit button (@ilarischeinin).

  • New VDIFFR_LOG_PATH environment variable. When set, vdiffr pushes diffs of failed SVG comparisons to that file.

  • expect_doppelganger() now takes a writer argument. This makes it easy to use vdiffr with a different SVG engine. See ?write_svg for an example function. Packages implementing a different SVG engine should wrap around expect_doppelganger() to pass their custom writer.

  • write_svg() is now an exported function. It provides a template (function arguments and return value) for SVG writer functions.

  • manage_cases() no longer checks for orphaned cases when a filter is supplied. (Orphaned cases are figures dangling in the figs folder even though their original expect_doppelganger() has been removed from the tests.)

Life cycle

  • The verbose argument of expect_doppelganger() is soft-deprecated. Please use the vdiffr failure log instead. It is created automatically when run under R CMD check in tests/, and should be displayed on Travis.

    You can also set the VDIFFR_LOG_PATH environment variable with Sys.setenv() to unconditionally (also interactively) log failures in the file pointed by the variable.

  • add_dependency() is soft-deprecated without replacement.

  • The user_fonts argument of expect_doppelganger() is defunct because it complicated the UI for no clear benefit. The fonts used to generate the SVGs are now hardcoded to Liberation and Symbola.

vdiffr 0.2.3

CRAN release: 2018-04-27

  • Maintenance release to fix CRAN errors. Thanks to Gregory R. Warnes

    1. and Hiroaki Yutani (@yutannihilation) for helping out with this!

    I’m working on embedding svglite in vdiffr and compiling statically to FreeType and Harfbuzz to make SVG generation deterministic across platforms. Until then vdiffr will remain a bit unstable (but should silently fail if dependencies have diverged).

  • Use last_collection_error() to print a testthat error that occurred while collecting the test cases.

vdiffr 0.2.2

CRAN release: 2018-02-01

  • Skip tests if the system version of Cairo (actually the one gdtools was compiled with) doesn’t match the version of Cairo used to generate the testcases. Cairo has an influence on the computation of text metrics which can cause spurious test failures.

    We plan to fix these issues once and for all by embedding gdtools, svglite, Cairo and FreeType in the vdiffr package.

vdiffr 0.2.1

CRAN release: 2017-10-09

This release fixes some CRAN failures.

  • Test cases of the mock package were updated to FreeType 2.8.0.

  • The unit test log file from the mock package is now preserved.

vdiffr 0.2.0

CRAN release: 2017-08-03

This release makes it easier to debug failures on remote systems. It also makes vdiffr more robust to failures caused by incompatible installations: instead of failing, the tests are skipped. This prevents spurious failures on CRAN.

Troubleshooting on remotes

  • expect_doppelganger() gains a verbose argument to print the SVG files for failed cases while testing. This is useful to debug failures on remotes.

  • When tests are run by R CMD check, failures are now recorded in a log file called This file will show up in the Travis log and can be retrieved from artifacts on Appveyor. It includes the SVG files for failed cases, which is useful to debug failures on remotes.

Handling of incompatible systems

The tests are now skipped if the FreeType version used to build the comparison SVGs does not match the version installed on the system where the tests are run. This is necessary because changes in new version of FreeType might affect the computation of text extents, which then causes svglite to produce slightly different SVGs. The minor version is not taken into account so FreeType 2.7.1 is deemed compatible with 2.7.2 but not with 2.8.0.

In practice, this means that package contributors should only validate visual cases if their FreeType version matches the one of the package maintainer. Also, the maintainer must update the version recorded in the package repository (in the file ./tests/figs/deps.txt) when FreeType has been updated on their system. Running vdiffr::validate_cases() updates the dependency file even if there are no visual case to update.

In the future, we may provide a version of vdiffr statically compiled with a specific version of FreeType to prevent these issues.

Other changes

  • The minimal R version required by vdiffr is now R 3.1.0.

vdiffr 0.1.1

CRAN release: 2016-11-15

  • expect_doppelganger() no longer throws an error when FreeType is too old. Instead, the test is skipped. This ensures that R CMD check passes on those platforms (e.g., CRAN’s Solaris test server).

  • Depends on gdtools 0.1.2 or later as this version fixes a crash on Linux platforms.

  • widget_toggle(), widget_slide() and widget_diff() now take plots as arguments. This makes it easy to embed a vdiffr widget in R Markdown documents. The underscored versions take HTML sources as argument (paths to SVG files or inline SVGs).

vdiffr 0.1.0

CRAN release: 2016-11-08

  • Generated SVGs are now reproducible across platforms thanks to recent versions of svglite, gdtools, and the new package fontquiver. vdiffr now requires versions of FreeType greater than 2.6.1.

  • The figures folder is hardcoded to tests/figs/.

  • The figures are now stored in subfolders according to the current testthat context. expect_doppelganger() accepts the path argument to bypass this behaviour (set it to "" to store the figures in tests/figs/).

  • The title argument of expect_doppelganger() now serves as ggtitle() in ggplot2 figures (unless a title is already set). It is also standardised and used as filename to store the figure (spaces and non-alphanumeric characters are converted to dashes).

  • Add support for handling orphaned cases: you can now remove figures left over from deleted tests with delete_orphaned_cases() or from the Shiny app.

  • New filter argument to collect_cases() and manage_cases(). This lets you filter the test files from which to collect the cases, which is useful to speed up the collection for large codebases with a lot of unit tests.

  • Fix invalid generation of SVG files (#3)

  • Give a warning when multiple doppelgangers have the same name (#4).

  • Remove CR line endings before comparing svg files for compatibility with Windows


Initial release